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Turkey, officially the Republic of Turkey, is a transcontinental country, located mostly in Anatolia in Western Asia, but also in East Thrace in south-eastern Europe. Turkey is bordered by eight countries: Bulgaria to the north-west; Greece to the west; Georgia to the north-east; Armenia, Iran and the Azerbaijani exclave of Nakhichevan to the east; and Iraq and Syria to the south-east.
The Mediterranean Sea is to the south; the Aegean Sea is to the west; and the Black Sea is to the north. The Sea of Marmara, the Bosphorus and the Dardanelles (which together form the Turkish Straits) mark the boundary between Thrace and Anatolia; they also separate Europe and Asia. Turkey’s location at the crossroads of Europe and Asia makes it a country of geostrategic importance.
Packed with ancient monuments left over from a parade of conquerors, and endowed with showcase scenery that never fails to impress, Turkey is a dazzling destination that straddles Asia and Europe. Its vibrant culture, famed cuisine and vast history wow all who venture here, while its glorious landscapes – from the sun soaked Mediterranean to the mighty mountains and arid steppe – are a highlight in themselves. Whether you want to lap up the Byzantine and Ottoman glories of Istanbul on a city break, laze on the beach, delve into history wandering through ruins such as Ephesus, or see some of the world’s most surreal panoramas in Pamukkale and Cappadocia, this country has attractions galore.